Trump to spare U.S. ‘dreamer’ immigrants from crackdown

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By Julia Edwards Ainsley | WASHINGTON

WASHINGTON President Donald Trump’s
administration plans to consider almost all illegal immigrants
subject to deportation, but will leave protections in place for
immigrants known as “dreamers” who entered the United States
illegally as children, according to official guidelines released
on Tuesday.

The Department of Homeland Security guidance to immigration
agents is part of a broader border security and immigration
enforcement plan in executive orders that Republican Trump
signed on Jan. 25.

Former President Barack Obama, a Democrat, issued an
executive order in 2012 that protected 750,000 immigrants who
had been brought into the United States illegally by their
parents. Trump has said the issue is “very difficult” for him.

Trump campaigned on a pledge to get tougher on the estimated
11 million illegal immigrants in the United States, playing on
fears of violent crime while promising to build a wall on the
border with Mexico and to stop potential terrorists from
entering the country.

Trump’s planned measures against illegal immigrants have
drawn protests, such as an event last week that activists called “A Day Without Immigrants” to highlight the importance of foreign-born people, who account for 13 percent of the U.S.
population, or more than 40 million naturalized American
citizens.

A banner declaring “Refugees Welcome” was posted on the base
of the Statue of Liberty, a symbol of American acceptance of
immigrants, before park rangers removed it on Tuesday, WABC
television reported.

DHS officials, speaking on a conference call with reporters,
said that although any immigrant in the country illegally could
be deported, the agency will prioritize those deemed as posing a
threat.

These include recent entrants, those convicted of a crime
and people charged but not convicted. Some details of the
guidelines were detailed in a draft memo seen on Saturday.

HIRING MORE AGENTS

Many of the instructions will not be implemented immediately
because they depend on Congress, a public comment period or
negotiations with other nations, the officials said. Mexican
immigration officials immediately objected to part of the new
rules.

The guidance also calls for the hiring of 10,000 more U.S.
Immigration and Customs (ICE) agents and 5,000 more U.S. Customs
and Border Protection (CBP) agents.

The DHS will need to publish a notice in the Federal
Register subject to review in order to implement one part of the
plan that calls on ICE agents to increase the number of
immigrants who are not given a hearing before being deported.

The new rules would subject immigrants who cannot show they
have been in the country for more than two years to “expedited
removal.” Currently, only migrants apprehended near the border
who cannot show they have been in the country more than 14 days
are subject to rapid removal.

The memos also instruct ICE to detain migrants who are
awaiting a court decision on whether they will be deported or
granted relief, such as asylum. DHS officials said they are
reviewing what jurisdictions may have laws in place that prevent
the amount of time immigrants can be held.

The agency also plans to send non-Mexican migrants crossing
the southern U.S. border back into Mexico as they await a
decision on their case. The DHS officials said this plan would
be dependent on partnerships with the Mexican government and
would not be implemented overnight.

An official with Mexico’s immigration department said it is “impossible for the United States to send deported or
repatriated Central Americans to Mexico” because of existing
treaties between the United States and Mexico.

The guidelines were released a day before U.S. Secretary of
State Rex Tillerson and Homeland Security Secretary John Kelly
were due in Mexico City for talks with President Enrique Pena
Nieto and Mexican officials. (Additional reporting by Anahi Rama in Mexico City and Dan
Trotta in New York)



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