Two Iraqis lead legal fight against Trump order blocking entry

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By Mica Rosenberg and David Ingram | NEW YORK

NEW YORK A federal judge blocked the deportation
on Saturday of dozens of travelers and refugees from seven
Muslim-majority nations, stranded at U.S. airports under an
order from President Donald Trump, after a lawsuit filed on
behalf of two Iraqis with ties to U.S. security forces.

In the lawsuit filed in federal court in Brooklyn, New York,
the two men challenged Trump’s directive on constitutional
grounds. The suit said their connections to U.S. forces made
them targets in their home country and that the pair had valid
visas to enter the United States.

The lawsuit highlights some of the legal obstacles facing
Trump’s new administration as it tries to carry out the
directive, which the president signed late on Friday to impose a
four-month ban on refugees entering the United States and a
90-day hold on travelers from Syria, Iran and five other
Muslim-majority countries.

In an emergency ruling on Saturday, U.S. District Judge Ann
Donnelly ordered U.S. authorities to refrain from deporting
previously approved refugees as well as “approved holders of
valid immigrant and non-immigrant visas and other individuals
… legally authorized to enter the United States” from the
countries targeted in Trump’s order.

The American Civil Liberties Union, which sought the
temporary stay, said it would help about 100 to 200 people who
found themselves detained in transit or at U.S. airports after
Trump signed the order.

“I am directing the government to stop removal if there is
someone right now in danger of being removed,” Donnelly said in
the court hearing. “No one is to be removed in this class.”

U.S. Department of Justice attorney Susan Riley during the
hearing said, “This has unfolded with such speed that we haven’t
had an opportunity to address all the legal issues.”

Many of the people in a huge crowd that had gathered outside
the Brooklyn courthouse broke out into cheers after word of the
judge’s ruling filtered out.

The U.S. Department of Homeland Security in a statement
hours later said only a small fraction of airline passengers
arriving in the United States on Saturday were “inconvenienced
while enhanced security measures were implemented.”

“These individuals went through enhanced security screenings
and are being processed for entry to the United States,
consistent with our immigration laws and judicial orders,” the
statement said.

The department said Trump’s executive order remained in
place and that its officers would enforce it.

Separately, a group of state attorneys general were
discussing whether to file their own court challenge against
Trump’s order, officials in three states told Reuters.

“TARGETED BY TERRORISTS”

The plight of one of the men who brought the lawsuit, a
former U.S. Army interpreter who was detained at John F. Kennedy
International Airport, is especially compelling, said David
Leopold, a former president of the American Immigration Lawyers
Association, who is not involved in the suit.

“Here is a guy who was a translator who worked for the U.S.
military for years, who himself was targeted by terrorists,” he
said. “It is clear that if he is sent back, he is facing a
direct threat to his life.”

That man, Hameed Khalid Darweesh, was released later on
Saturday and told a crowd of reporters at JFK Airport that he
did not have ill feelings about his detention.

“America is the greatest nation, the greatest people in the
world,” he said.

Darweesh, 53, worked for the U.S. Army and for a U.S.
contractor in Iraq from 2003 to 2013 as an interpreter and
engineer, the lawsuit said.

The second plaintiff, Haider Sameer Abdulkhaleq Alshawi, 33,
was also detained at JFK Airport but has since been released. He
is the husband of an Iraqi woman who worked for a U.S.
contractor in Iraq. She already lives in Houston, the suit said.

Trump, a Republican, has said his order would help protect
Americans from terrorist attacks.

The lawsuit on behalf of the Iraqis challenges Trump’s order
on several grounds. It says the order violates the U.S.
Constitution’s guarantee of due process by taking away their
ability to apply for asylum, and violates the guarantee of equal
protection by discriminating against them on the basis of their
country of origin without sufficient justification.

It also says the order violates procedural requirements of
federal rulemaking.

The next hearing in the case was set for Feb. 10.

Supporters of the order say the president has wide authority
to limit the entry of foreign nationals from specific countries
when it is in the national interest.

“Even if they do and they win, my answer is so what?” said
Mark Krikorian, the director of the conservative Center for
Immigration Studies.

“We are talking a few dozen people – that is just a
last-ditch effort to get the last few people in. It doesn’t
really change the policy,” he said.

Trump’s order does not mention specific religions but Trump
said in an interview with the Christian Broadcasting Network on
Friday he was acting to help Christians in Syria who were “horribly treated.”

Comments like that could come back to haunt the president in
litigation over his order, said Hiroshi Motomura, an immigration
expert at UCLA School of Law.

“There were comments during the campaign that focused very
much on religion as the target,” Motomura said. “If the record
showed that the origins of a particular measure were based on
targeting a particular group, that could be challenged in
court.” (Additional reporting by Doina Chiacu in Washington and
Jonathan Allen and Andrew Chung in New York,)



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